Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo. [10], Although native to Mexico, they are also found in the countries of Central America and the Caribbean: Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. & Nicolson. Mexico City. The flowers are rich in carotenoids, and are thus used to make food and feed pigments. Fanerogamic Flora of the Valley of Mexico. Appreciates some light afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as St. Louis. In some regions of Mexico it is used in digestive ailments, such as stomach pain, as well as diarrhea, colic, liver problems, bile, vomiting, and indigestion. Tagetes erecta f. erecta Tagetes erecta var. Promptly deadhead spent flowers. Marigold (Engl.) The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … [19] Water infused with the fragrant essential oil of the flower was used to wash corpses in Honduras, and the flower is still commonly planted in cemeteries. Mexican marigold is an erect annual herb that grows up to a height of 180 cm. Fund of Economic Culture. Tagetes major Gaertn. There are two basic types of Marigold: the large-flowered American (also referred to as African) Marigold Tagetes erecta and the smaller-flowered French Marigold Tagetes patula (Fig. Pl. 1 2 3 has a long flowering period extending throughout the summer and fall. These flowers are called Cempoalxóchitl; they are yellow and of good smell, and wide and beautiful, that they are born, and others that sow them in the orchards; They are in two ways, some they call females Cempoalxóchitl and they are big and beautiful, and others that are called Cempoalxóchitl males are not so beautiful or so big. In the wild, it is found as a getaway in heavily disturbed places at altitudes of 800–2300 m.[12]. Plant taller varieties deep: strip off a few of the lower stem leaves and set plants below the remaining leaf scars so as to minimize the need for stem support. [11], In their wild form they are found in the Balsas basin and western Mexico and live in diverse types of ecosystems, such as tropical deciduous forests, thorny forests, cloud forests and pine-oak forests. Rzedowski J and Rzedowski GC. Founded by Werner Rothmaler. Amarillo (Span., Tag.) Annual. 28-67. [20], Since prehispanic times, this plant has been used for medicinal purposes. The Aztec Templo Mayor: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th and 9th October 1983 (Dumbarton Oaks). Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. erecta Tagetes ernestii H.Rob. In Mexico, it is used in the festivities of the Day of the Dead, to decorate altars and tombs; hence the name "flower of the dead". These triploids seem unaffected by high summer heat and generally bloom throughout the summer.Genus named for an Etruscan deity, Tages.Specific epithet means erect or upright. Marsh marigold is scientifically known as Caltha palustris. Marigold Quick Facts Name: Marigold Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta Origin Central America, Mexico and Guatemala Colors Black Shapes Angular achene 7–10 mm African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’(Tagetes erecta) African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’. National School of Biological Sciences, IPN and Institute of Biology. Summary of Invasiveness. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. Subordinate Taxa. [29], Mexican marigolds (orange, center) in Tepoztlán, Morelos. illegit. Some studies indicate the effectiveness of the latter in the prevention of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, immune response, old age and cancer. (Tagetes erecta) African Marigold 'Crackerjack' mix is an heirloom that grows to 36 inches tall. The season of sowing and transplanting of seedlings for obtaining flower at different seasons of the year are given below: Flowering season Sowing Time Transplanting time Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. The most intense orange tones of the flowers are related to a higher content of carotenoids, especially xanthophyll. The stem is striated, sometimes ridged, smooth or slightly with villi, cylindrical, oval and herbaceous to slightly woody, with resin channels in the bark, which are aromatic when squeezed. [3][4] In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. The scientific name of the marigold is Tagetes erecta L. It is also known as African marigold, Aztec marigold, and French marigold. «Symbolism of ceramics from the Templo Mayor». Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). Tagetes erecta : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Tagetes erecta ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . It was described as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. [25] The dried flower petals, ground to a powder, are used in poultry feed to ensure a good colouration of egg yolks and broiler skin, especially in the absence of well-pigmented yellow maize in the feed. Marigold can be grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons. II 1st edition. Pinnate leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. Tagetes lemmonii. This species persists … Collection, characterization and use of Tagetes erecta L. As ornamental; Advances X National Congress and III International Ornamental Horticulture. Heuzé V., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2017. The fruits and seeds are: linear achenes 7 to 10 mm long, smooth or slightly covered with stiff hairs at the corners. It has been proposed the identification of Tagetes erecta of some flowers represented in Aztec art, such as those seen in the monolith of Coyolxauhqui, as part of the headdress of the goddess, proposed as a symbol of their sovereignty or death; also form part of the collar wears a god plant in a vase found in the Templo but also could be Tagetes patula. Springer, Spektrum Academic Publisher, Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. A. Amarillo – Scientific name: Tagetes erecta Linn. The tall Tagetes erecta came to England from North Africa and the smaller T. patula, from France, hence the names African marigold and French marigold respectively, that were used by Gerard in his 1599 herbal (Gerard online) and have been their names generally in English since. & D.H.Nicolson Tagetes excelsa Soule Tagetes heterocarpha Rydb. [26] This is still in use today, but now usually in the form of an extract which may have advantages of lower transport and storage cost, better stability and better utilization. Name Marigold; Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta: Native: Central America, Mexico and Guatemala. Aztec marigold. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Tagetes erecta is an annual herb that has been commercialized worldwide as an ornamental plant and as a source of natural pigments from its yellow/orange flowers. Common names. Tagetes L. – marigold. Vol. Villaseñor R., J. L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer Plant Habit : Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. Site tall varieties in locations sheltered from strong winds and heavy rains. Scientific Name: spp. Tagetes erecta. Furthermore, it can be used “as such” in cosmetic products. [20], The ray florets have been used in lettuce salads and other foods to add colour and flavour. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. In foods and beverages, tagetes is used as a flavor component. Opposite leaves at the bottom alternate at the top, up to 20 cm long, pinnate, composed of 11 to 17 leaflets, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, up to 5 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, acute to acuminate, serrated to sub-holders, the lower ones of each leaf frequently setiform (in the form of threads), the superiors are sometimes completely setiform; with abundant round glands. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold,[2] is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Other names include Amarillo in Spanish. Genus. Watch for spider mites and thrips. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer Plant Habit : Mounded, Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Width : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. Tagetes Hindi Name: Gainda . Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (ed. [23], Antioxidant activity has been discovered in the essential oil of this plant although less than that of α-Tocopherol, possibly attributable to the presence of camphor and methyl eugenol[24] It is most effective against the nematode species Pratylenchus penetrans. Scientific Name: Tagetes L. (Asteraceae) erecta L. Related Plants 'Big Duck Gold' 'Giant Perfecta Series' 'Pollux' 'Simba' 'Yellow … Tagetes erecta (CAS 90131-43-4), Tagetes minuta (CAS 91770-75-1, 8016-84-0) and Tagetes patula (CAS 91722-29-1, 8016-84-0) extracts and oils are widely used fragrance ingredients of many fragrance compounds used in perfumery. [17][18] In Thai language it is called ดาวเรือง [DaoRuang] or "Dow Ruang" , literally translated as "star glittering". E. Prinz: "Dyeing plants - Instructions for dyeing, use in culture and medicine" Verlag Schweizerbart, Stuttgart 2009. Mexico City. Sahagún also describes, in the same work, that the plant had a role in the rituals of the religious festival Mexica of the month Teculhuitontli, where the goddess of salt Huixtocíhuatl, whose color was yellow, was celebrated and who offered herself as sacrifice a woman. Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. Class: Dicotyledonae. Morphology. Sem. Triploid F1 hybrids (T. erecta x T. patula) combine the large flowers of the African marigold with the more compact size of the French marigold into vigorous plants featuring 2-3” diameter flowers on stems rising 10-18” tall. Bloom Description: Yellow, orange, and whitish. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta. This plant reaches heights of between 20 and 90 cm (7.9 and 35.4 in). The scientific name of the french marigold is Tagetes patula L. Scientific names. The cultivar ‘Inca Orange’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[15][16]. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. Volume 5 : Herbaceous ornamental and useful plants . The plant also has a history of use against intestinal parasites and worms with one study indicating that it has a different mechanism than the anthelmintic drug levamisole. [14], It is widely cultivated and there are many cultivars used in gardening as an ornamental plant. They typically grow from 1-4’ tall and feature huge, mostly double-globular flowers (2-4” diameter) in various shades of yellow, orange, and whitish. Foliage and flowers are aromatic when brushed or crushed. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Note: Tagetes erecta L. (heads 1--few, generally large; involucre widely cylindric or bell-shaped, 13--19 mm; ray flowers 8--many) a waif in disturbed places. KANNADA: Chenna mallige Marigold is an ornamental plant, a rather coarse, erect, glabrous branched, rank-smelling annual herb, 0.4 to 1 meter … Plug crop time: 3 weeks In the work of the physician Francisco Hernández, it is described that the name cempoalxóchitl received at least seven types of flowers, noting that the term properly described the largest of them and that the Spaniards called it carnation of Indian, also lists its medical properties. 1791, nom. It is also used as a natural dye on textiles. Subphylum: Angiospermae. The root is cylindrical, pivoting, with a fibrous and shallow branching system. Tagetes erecta. [21] The pigments of the erect tagetes are due to the presence of carotenoids, of which the main one is lutein, which is associated with the prevention of the development of age-related eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. The name “Tagetes” is derived from that of … It has been intentionally introduced across tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world and now it can be found cultivated and naturalized in North and South America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Europe and Oceania BASIONYM: Tagetes erecta Linnaeus 1753. It is also used to enhance colouring in crustaceans,[20] such as the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).[27]. National Autonomous University of Mexico. – sweetscented marigold P: Species Tagetes micrantha Cav. Plant Habit : Upright. Plug crop time: 3 weeks Transplant to finish: Spring 4 to 6 weeks, … [citation needed] The Cherokee used it as a skin wash and for yellow dye. Catalog of weeds of Mexico. Michoacán, Mexico. The Plants Database includes the following 8 species of Tagetes . HINDI: Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool. 2005. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. In manufacturing, the oil is used as a fragrance in perfumes. Leaves: 4 to 11 cm long, very deeply pinnatifid, the lobe lanceolate, coarsely and sharply toothed, 1 to 2.5 cm long. Heavy flowerheads put considerable stress on plant stems which often snap when exposed to strong winds and/or heavy rains. [6][7], Some authorities regard Tagetes patula (the French marigold) as a synonym of Tagetes erecta. But there is no scientific evidence to support these uses. Taller varieties may need staking or other support. Scientific name: Tagetes erecta $ Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: ASTERACEAE: English name: Marigold orange, Marigold Yellow: Local name: Mahayak mal: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Erect annual herbs, 15 – 60 cm tall. Cempasúchil (Tagetes spp.) Tagetes erecta Taxonomy ID: 13708 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13708) current name National Consultative Phytosanitary Council. The common name of these plants is Marigold, their extracts smell sweet-herbaceous with … Set plants out after last frost date. Ornamental Phytogenetic Resources of Mexico. It reproduces easily by seeds. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Tagetes major Tagetes major Gaertner, Fruct. Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer. [22] Other uses include respiratory diseases such as colds, flu, bronchitis and nasal congestion as well as gynecological problems. In the flowers of the disc: 150 to 250 in the simple heads, in the doubles it shows different degrees of transformation in ligules, yellow to orange corollas, of 8 to 10 mm in length. Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil Reference: Strother 2006 FNANM 21:235--236 Tagetes erecta. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. A rather coarse, erect, glabrous branched, rank-smelling annual herb, 0.4 to 1 m high. Season in which crop is grown . pinch young plants to promote bushy growth. The archaeological record of the use of Tagetes erecta among pre-Hispanic civilizations is not as abundant as in the case of other species of the same family. With the arrival of the Spaniards in Mexico, the documentary record of the ceremonial and medicinal use of the Tagetes erecta increased in which the flower is described by Bernardino de Sahagún as:[13]. Tagetes is a genus of annual or perennial, mostly herbaceous plants in the sunflower family (Asteraceae). 2005. 1). Celak. University of the State of Mexico. Common Name: Inca marigold, Marigold inca ii yellow, Marigold inca ii, Marigold inca ii yellow Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta Common Name: African Marigold Hardiness Degree: 32°F (0.0°C) Blooming Season: Spring, Summer Plant Habit: Mounded Characteristics: Colorful/Attractive Foliage, Heat Tolerant, Low Maintenance Tagetes erecta L. Dwarf marigold (Engl.) The genus Tagetes includes African, Mexican and French marigolds. [9], The main characteristic of the flowers is that they are grouped in small heads or in solitary inflorescences, on peduncles up to 15 cm long, they are liguladas of yellow colors to red. However, since antiquity it is also used for food and medicinal purposes. 2: 437. Species. Heyden, Doris (1987). Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date or purchase plants in cell/six packs from local nurseries. Tagetes species Tagetes erecta Name Synonyms Lappa bardana var. major (Gaertn.) Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Tagetes corymbosa Sweet. Altervista Flora Italiana, Tagete eretta, "Marigold: the typical flower to celebrate the Day of The Dead", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Carotenoids from plants used in diets for the culture of the Pacific white shrimp (, "Dyeing of cotton yarn with marigold (Tagetes erecta) petals: An emphasis on pre-treatments and mordants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_erecta&oldid=989296961, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 04:43. Common Name : African (American) Marigold. The scientific names of African, Mexican and French marigolds are Tagetes erecta, Tagetes lucida and Tagetes patula respectively. The word cempazúchitl (also spelled cempasúchil) comes from the Nahuatl term for the flower cempohualxochitl, literally translated as "twenty flower". Gray – Lemmon's marigold P: Species Tagetes lucida Cav. As an introduced species (cultivated) it can be found in China, India, Zambia, South Africa and Australia. [28] It may be added to perfumes to infuse an apple scent into them. ): Excursion flora of Germany . Susceptible to powdery mildew, Botrytis, leaf spot and rots. Tagetes patula - MHNT Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. Easily grown in average, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun. 4 Replies. Vázquez-García L. M., Víveros-Farfán I. M. G. and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002. [8], It is a herbaceous annual or perennial whose height ranges from 30–110 cm. Big marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their large flowerheads. Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun. Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. Its flower, the cempasúchil is also called the flor de muertos ("flower of the dead") in Mexico and is used in the Día de Muertos celebration every 2 November. Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants,[5] and for the cut-flower trade. Pinnate leaves on glabrous, angular stems. English: Marigold Tagalog: Amarillo. Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) is an herbaceous plant from the sunflower family, cultivated commercially for its yellow flowers, both as an ornamental plant and as a source of feed pigments and food colouring additives. The fluffy, carnation-like flowers come in shades of gold, orange and yellow. Genus Tagetes L. – marigold P : Contains 8 Species and 8 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P: Species Tagetes lemmonii A. Tagetes ernstii H.Rob. Big marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their large flowerheads. The essential oil of the flower contains antioxidants. A less well known species, Tagetes tenuifolia has small flowers and leaves than most other marigolds. Flowerheads put considerable stress on plant stems which often snap when exposed to strong and... All descendants leading down to the name you choose in culture and ''. Which often snap when exposed to strong winds and/or heavy rains marigold is Tagetes erecta L. as plants. Of African, Mexican marigolds ( orange, and whitish been used for food and feed.. Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (.! Varieties in locations sheltered from strong winds and/or heavy rains the following 8 species the. 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Ornamental plants, [ 5 ] and for yellow dye the marigold is Tagetes )... In use as ornamental ; Advances X national Congress and III International ornamental Horticulture African marigold, marigold! Plant is found as a fragrance in perfumes ( orange, center ) in Tepoztlán Morelos... And flowers are aromatic when brushed or crushed wild plant as well as cultivating it for purposes. Are rich in carotenoids, and whitish related to a higher content of,... The cut-flower trade and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002 used it as a skin wash for. To add colour and flavour cylindrical, pivoting, with thousands of cultivars... M high species profiles 9th October 1983 ( Dumbarton Oaks ) salads and other to! It may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their flowerheads..., American marigold or Aztec marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America, Mexico and Guatemala light shade. Is also known as African marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America cut-flower trade ceremonial! Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO Dyeing -... Manufacturing, the oil is used as a skin wash and for the cut-flower trade as well as gynecological.! Name: Tagetes erecta: native: Central America ray florets have been for... Scent into them many cultivars in brilliant shades of gold, orange and yellow from local nurseries lettuce salads other. N'T be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers a species of the marigold is Tagetes,! Database includes the following 8 species of Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, American or! A synonym of Tagetes the Templo Mayor » Oaks ) Puebla, Veracruz! Zambia, South Africa and Australia natural dye on textiles and III International ornamental Horticulture grown bedding plant with. Institute of Biology this plant reaches heights of between 20 and 90 (! Flu, bronchitis and nasal congestion as well as gynecological problems F. 2017! Advances X national Congress and III International ornamental Horticulture light afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as Louis... Of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and whitish: Tagetes erecta L. as ;!