Unfortunately, as beautiful, graceful and stately as they are, many experts no longer recommend planting elms because of their vulnerability to a disease called Dutch elm disease. Trunks on older trees could reach to seven feet across. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Available in most garden centers and also through mail-order. Check Other Stores closed. It has a classic American elm shape and tolerates drought, poor soils, air pollution and salts. In early spring, before the new leaves unfold, the rather inconspicuous, small, green flowers appear on pendulous stalks. Its canopy, though, spreads out quickly, making it a valued tree early in its life. When beetles begin to feast on the softened bark of the dying or recently dead trees, the beetles get covered with sticky spores. Easy to grow. Adapt easily to extremes in soil pH, moisture and heat and wind tolerance. ... Growth Rate: Moderate, Fast; More Information: Tree & Plant Care. Drake Elm Tree Care Identify the tree by its graceful, vase-shaped spreading branches, and its oval, pointed, tooth-edged green leaves. Dark green in summer, changing to yellow fall. Our future. The TRIUMPH™ elm has very good resistance to Dutch elm disease (DED) and is resistant to elm yellows; it also has good resistance to elm leaf beetle. Our communities. It's a type of tree that grows fast in any kind of soil and environment. Usage Requirements. If only one tree were chosen to visually represent the "classic" tree shape, it might be the American elm tree (Ulmus americana). It's used today to construct agricultural implements and sporting goods, barrel staves, industrial flooring, and boxes and crates. Fast. Many famous Americans are reported to have either cultivated American elms or were somehow connected to them. Valley Forge (Ulmus americana 'Valley Forge'):  Excellent resistance to Dutch elm disease; vase-shaped habit. ©J.S. "Forest Ecology and Management 449 (2019): 117446. It is easily transplanted, quick to establish, and adaptable to most soil types. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. However, due in part to research at The Morton Arboretum, other species and hybrids that are more resistant to the disease are available for planting. Special characteristics: This is a large handsome tree that any homeowner would be proud to own. In Missouri, it typically occurs in low moist ground and along streams throughout the state (Steyermark). The American Elm has a fast growth rate once established; between 3 and 5 feet a year of new growth once established. Texture: Medium Elms grow at a moderate rate. When Dutch elm disease (which actually originated in Asia) spread to the US in the 1950s, it was able to mow down elm after elm through their grafted root systems or with the help of a beetle. This native North American tree grows quickly when young, forming a broad or upright, vase-shaped silhouette, 70 to 90 feet high and 50 to 70 feet wide. Most drake elm tree information will mention the tree’s small winged samara/seeds that appear in the spring. Vanessa is an avid gardener with experience helping things grow in the three corners of the country where she has lived — Florida, Pennsylvania, and Oregon. Get Pricing and Availability. In the arid western end of its range, American elm is restricted to silt or clay loams in river bottoms and terraces. The biggest lesson learned from the devastation of Dutch elm disease is the importance of having a variety of trees along streets, in parks, and in home landscapes so that no disease or pest that may arrive can kill a large proportion of the trees. Fien, Erin K. P., et al. The species' wind-dispersedseeds enable it to spread rapidly as suitable areas of habitat become available. Jefferson (Ulmus americana 'Jefferson'):  Excellent resistance to Dutch elm disease; vase-shaped habit; considered sterile. When Dutch elm disease (which actually originated in Asia) spread to the US in the 1950s, it was able to mow down elm after elm through their grafted root systems or with the help of a beetle. Foliage: Alternate, Simple, 3 – 6” long and 1 – 3’ wide; Summer: High quality lustrous dark green; Autumn: Yellow. A variety that is dutch elm resistant and adaptable to most all of Colorado's harsh conditions. The samaras are papery, flat, and even ornamental, drooping in dense and showy clusters. - This elm is not a hybrid but a true American elm with a proven scientific record of Dutch elm disease resistance and longevity on the street. - Medium growth rate. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Elms are loved for their graceful, stately shape, with branches like spreading fountains, and their green leaves that turn gold in fall. Elms are loved for their graceful, stately shape, with branches like spreading fountains, and their green leaves that turn gold in fall. Prairie Expedition – A 2004 North Dakota State University selection. They are also high in nutrient content. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to … The Morton Arboretum in Illinois has engaged in research to develop hybrids that are more resistant to the disease. This tree, which is native to eastern North America, grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, which means it ranges from Nova Scotia west to Alberta in Canada and Montana and south to Florida and central Texas in the United States. C-value: 3 slider closed. Iowa State Extension describes the American elm tree as "probably the perfect street tree." Growth is medium on wetter sites and good on well-drained sites. - 95% survival rate from all causes. You will find a  number of disease-resistant elms in the Tree and Plant Finder, and for other alternative trees, you can consult the Plant Clinic. It spread to the United States and began to devastate American elms throughout mid-century decades. A U S patent, PP 20097, was granted in 2009. The leaves of American Elm and its cultivars decay rapidly when compared to other hardwoods like Oaks, Maples, and Hickory. Simply use a measuring tape to measure the circumference of the tree, input the type of tree, and then click on the "Calculate" button to calculate the tree's age. The ‘American Elm’ form is preserved in this cultivar with a broad vase shape and upright branches giving way to arching branchlets. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Useful for home and commercial landscapes or parks or as street tree. Vase-shaped growth habit. “These plants are cultivars of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Winter hardy to USDA zone 3. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. As with the ‘American Elm’, crotch and structure weakness can be strengthened with pruning when young. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. American Elm is native to most of Nebraska and is a fast growing, attractive and long lived tree as long as it is not affected by Dutch-Elm disease. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Go to a list of American elm cultivars that are Dutch elm disease resistant. Notes: The American Elm is highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Vigorous growth rate with very upright form. The American arborvitae grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. Prairie Expedition® (Ulmus americana 'Lewis & Clark'):  Excellent resistance to Dutch elm disease; vase-shaped habit. The trees live so long that they have "seen" or lived through all the significant events in American history. The Morton Arboretum lists 18 American elm cultivars that are resistant to Dutch elm disease. In Missouri, it typically occurs in low moist ground and along streams throughout the state (Steyermark). Can be found throughout Iowa. Noteworthy Characteristics. The state tree of both Massachusetts and North Dakota, American elm is a beautiful tree but subject to getting a serious disease called Dutch elm disease or DED. Leaves are dark green, turning yellow in fall. Today, arborists and foresters are careful to plant a diverse range of trees that will not all be vulnerable to any particular pest, disease or weather conditions. 'Valley Forge' American Elm, Ulmus americana — After 20 years of testing by the U.S. National Arboretum, ‘Valley Forge’ has shown a 96 percent survival rate to Dutch elm disease. The Indians once made canoes out of American elm Sadly, the American elm (, ) can no longer be recommended because it is vulnerable to a devastating pathogen called, . You will find a  number of disease-resistant elms in the, , and for other alternative trees, you can consult the, Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The American elm occurs naturally in an assortment of habitats, most notably rich bottomlands, floodplains, stream banks, and swampy ground, although it also often thrives on hillsides, uplands and other well-drained soils. Alternate, oval, pointed leaves have doubly toothed margins. The growth form is highly reminiscent of the "classic American elm" -- upright-arching and vase-shaped to 70' tall and 60' wide. The good news is that resistant tree strains are starting to improve the American elm's situation. It causes yellowing and wilting of leaves that quickly spread throughout the tree. Generally, elms prefer sun. Wildlife: The seeds are eaten by birds and small animals. Great shade tree for the home. ‘Princeton’ Elm The leaves of American Elm and its cultivars decay rapidly when compared to other hardwoods like Oaks, Maples, and Hickory. These trees grow best in full sun or partial shade, and they eventually will provide too much shade for most plants near them. It grows to a uniform vase shape with upright branches and rich green foliage that turns yellow in the fall. The biggest lesson learned from the devastation of Dutch elm disease is the importance of having a variety of trees along streets, in parks, and in home landscapes so that no disease or pest that may arrive can kill a large proportion of the trees. Form (Shape): Umbrella-like form which typifies American elm. Once established, growth rate can be as much as 3 feet per year. For these reasons and its rapid growth, American Elm is useful as a soil-building plant where soils are depleted or generally poor. Stop by, email, or call. Princeton (Ulmus americana 'Princeton'):  Good resistance to Dutch elm disease and fair resistance to elm leaf beetle; vase-shaped habit. Overview. The leaves of a drake elm are typical to most elm trees, some two inches (5 cm.) Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. This tree is located on private property. 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